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Glossary of Terms: I

impressed seamen
seamen forced into service on ships.
in propria persona
an individual acting for himself without an attorney.
in terrorem clause
a provision in a will to warn legatees to do or not do a certain act, such as marrying or be subject to the punishment of disinheritance. Such clauses are usually disregarded by the courts.
a document, such as a deed, by which two or more persons are involved, e.g., a seller and a buyer.
indentured servant
a servant who sold himself to a master for a period of time, usually 4 to 7 years, in order to pay for ship passage.
Historically referred to as a native, today First Nations people or aboriginals, one of three groups of people recognized as Aboriginal in the Constitution Act, 1982. It specifies that Aboriginal people in Canada consist of First Nations, Inuit and Métis.
Indian Act
Amended several times over the years, the federal government first passed the Indian Act in 1876. It contained most of the federal law concerning aboriginals and incorporated many of the older colonial and local statutes as well. It sets out certain federal government obligations and regulates the management of First Nation designated land parcels, moneys and other resources. This legislation also set up the Department of Indian Affairs.
Indian status
An individual's legal status as an Indian, as defined by the Indian Act.
a document based on a decision by a jury that sufficient evidence exists to bring a person to trial.
originating in a place; not introduced from outside. The Indians and Inuits of North America are indigenous peoples.
a pauper.
inherent right
a right which exists permanently for the people who have it and which cannot be taken away.
power by a court to prohibit or require a person to do or not do or perform a specific act.
Naskapi and Montagnais First Nation communities in Northern Quebec and Labrador.
an inquest or investigation.
insolvent estate
an estate that is unable to pay creditors.
the same as is given, e.g. in extracts from newspapers it means the same month.
a person who died without making a will.
A First Nation who live in Nunavut, Northwest Territories, Northern Quebec and Northern Labrador. The word means"people" in the Inuit language, Inuktitut. The singular of Inuit is Inuk.
Inuit who live in the Western Arctic.
A legal matter in a dispute between two parties.