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Books and Articles

Become familiar with publications on 17th, 18th and 19th century North American and European history when researching First Nation family history to help learn about social, economic, religious, governmental, legal, and political aspects of an ancestor's life.

Books and articles can be used to help place an ancestor in an historical setting.  They can also describe First Nation, French, English, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and later Canadian history.  Local histories can describe a particular land grant, designated land parcel, community, parish, county and province and this data can be added to a genealogy to make it more interesting to read.  Data on early life, education, religious beliefs, medical matters, occupations and other activities can also be added.  Local histories may provide data on First Nation People, Acadians, Planters or pre-Loyalists, Loyalists, English, Irish, Scots and other ethnic groups.  Create a History Page to record historical information you discover. 

There are a number of publications at the PANB with regards to the Mi'gmaq and Maliseet First Nations.  These books and articles can be used to help place an ancestor in an historical setting.  They can also describe First Nation, French, English, Nova Scotian, New Brunswick and later Canadian history.  Local histories can describe a particular community, parish, county and province and this data can be added to a genealogy to make it more interesting to read.  Data on early life, education, religious beliefs, medical matters, occupations and other activities can also be added.  Local histories may provide data on First Nation people, Acadians, Planters or pre-Loyalists, Loyalists, English, Irish, Scots and other ethnic groups.  Create a History Page to record the historical information you discover.

Histories held by the PANB are listed in the inventory titled New Brunswick Publications Collection (MC80) under the headings aborginal peoples, Micmacs and Maliseets.  There are copies of unpublished community histories among the private sector record collections that are listed in the Title Index to Private Sector Records.  If the material has been microfilmed, researchers should check the Subject Guide to Microfilm.

At the PANB the following books are of special value:

MacNutt, W.S. 1968.  Atlantic Provinces: The emergence of colonial society 1712-1857.  Toronto. (MC80/923)
MacNutt, W.S. 1963.  New Brunswick: A history, 1784-1867.  Toronto: MacMillan.  (MC80/786)

The genealogist may find the following publications useful to their research:
Fellows Robert F.  Community Place Names in New Brunswick, Canada 
Rayburn, Alan.  Geographical Names of New Brunswick
Canada Dept of Energy, Mines & Resources.Gazetteer of Canada: New Brunswick

Some of the books on Mi'gmaq and Maliseet First Nations history at the Provincial Archives in the New Brunswick Publications Collection (MC80) are listed below:

Allen, Anna. 1984.  New Brunswick Indians: an invitation to the party. NB'sbicentennial celebration.  7 pgs.  (MC80/1018)

Bailey, Alfred Goldsworthy. 1969.  The conflict of European & Eastern Algonkian cultures 1504-1700: a study in Canadian civilization.  Toronto, 218 pgs.  (MC80/333)

Big Cove Band Council: Planning Report 1976, 17 pgs.  (MC80/1945)

Pitman, Eizak, 1859. Buk ov Samz: in Micmak. Fonetik Institucion.  150 pgs. (MC80/2222)

Clarke, George F. 1968.  Someone before us: our Maritime Indians.  Fredericton, 240 pgs. (MC80/2349)

Clarke,Patrick D. Historical and cultural importanceof Heron Island: prepared for Dashwood, Richard Lewis. 1871. 

Chipoloquorgan: or life by the camp fire in Dominion of Canada and Newfoundland. Dublin, Ireland, 293 pgs.  (MC80/372)

Denys, Nicolas. 1672.  Concerning the ways of the Indians: their customs, dress, methods of  hunting and fishing and their amusements. 39 pgs.  (MC80/422)

Eel River Bar Micmac First Nation (1994) 125 pgs.  (MC80/2006)

Gaffney, R.E., et. al. 1982.  Broken promises: the Aboriginal constitutional conferences. 115 pgs.  (MC80/1916)

Gould, G.P. 1980.  Handbook of aboriginal title.  Fredericton, 52 pgs.  (MC80/841)

Gould, G.P. et. al. 1980.  Our land, the Maritimes: the basis of the Indian claim in the Maritime Provinces of Canada.  Fredericton, 226 pgs.  (MC80/459)

Hamilton, W.D. and Spray, W.A. 1976.  Source materials relating to the New Brunswick Indian  Fredericton,.  (MC80/92)  (This publication contains transcriptions of various treaties, correspondence and other documents.  See also microfilm F11886.)

Hamilton, W.D. 1984.  Indian lands in New Brunswick: The case of the Little South West  Reserve. in Acadiensis  Vol. XIII, 2, Spring, pgs 3-28.  (MC1577)

Hamilton, W.D. 1987.  Miramichi Papers.  Fredericton, 204 pgs.  (MC80/1234)

Hamilton, W.D. 1986.  The Federal Indian day schools of the Maritimes.  Fredericton, 151 pgs.  (MC80/1235)

Hamilton, W.D. 1984.  The Julian Tribe (Fredericton, 1984) 108 pgs.  (MC80/1233)

Johnson, Daniel. 1978.  Tobique Indian Reserve.  Perth-Andover, 77 pgs.(MC80/982)

Leavitt, Robert M. 1995.  Maliseet & Micmac: First Nations of the Maritimes.  Fredericton. (MC80/2053)

LeClercq, Christien. 1910.  New Relation of Gaspesia: with the customs and religion of the Gaspesian Indians  Toronto, ed. William F. Ganong; 452 pgs.  (MC80/324)

Maiden's sacrifice: an Indian legend of the St. John River and Grand Falls, 8 pgs. (MC80/2200)

Micmac-Maliseet Institute. 1998.  Maliseet Micmac vital statistics from New Brunswick church records.  Fredericton, 346 pgs.  (MC80/2218)

Nicolar, Joseph. 1979.  The life and traditions of the Red Man.  Fredericton, 150 pgs.(MC80/374)

Newell, Evelyn. 1992.  Aboriginal peoples census returns, 1851-1891.  Micmac-Maliseet Institute, Fredericton, c1000 pgs.  (MC80/1648)

Oliver, Bruce et. al. 1983.  Dwellers on the beautiful river: Fredericton's Indian legacy.  Fredericton, 19 pgs.  (MC80/1044)

Paul, Daniel N. 2000.  We were not the Savages: a Mi'Kmaq perspective on the collision between European and Native American civilizations: new twenty-first-century edition.  Halifax, 359 pgs.  (MC80/2700)

Perley, Moses H. 1848.  Indian affairs in New Brunswick: supplemental report to his excellency. 5 pgs.  (MC80/1059)

Perley, Karen et. al. 2000.  Wolastoqiyik, Portrait of a people : exhibition catalogue.  NB-Culture & Sport Secretariat, 66 pgs.  (MC80/2544)

Thibodeau, Father Norman. 1988.  Wolastoqi Olomeskakon (The Maliseet Mass) Maliseet,  NB, 44 pgs.  (MC80/1396)

Silman, Janet. 1987.  Enough is enough: Aboriginal women speak out.  Toronto, 253 pgs.  (MC80/2685)

Time-Life Books. 1995.   Algonquians of the East Coast.  175 pgs.  (MC80/2022)

Turnbull, Dr. C.J. New Brunswick: People's prehistory.  Fredericton, 50 pgs. (MC80/2663).

Upton, L.F.S. 1974.  Indian Affairs in Colonial New Brunswick. in Acadiensis Vol.III, 2, Spring, pgs 3-26.  (MC1577).

Wallis, Wilson D. et al. 1957. Malecite Indians of New Brunswick. Ottawa, 54 pgs.      (MC80/1544)

Wherry, James. 1981. Documents relating to the history of the Passamaquoddy Indian presence in Charlotte County, New Brunswick 165 pgs.  (MC80/793)

Wherry, James. 1979.  The history of Maliseets and Micmacs in Aroostook County, Maine: Preliminary report, June 1979. 97 pgs.  (MC80/1062)

Young, Ben.1979.  Aboriginal rights research.  Fredericton, 209 pgs.  (MC80/941)

A chronological listing of the MC80 numbers listed above follows: MC80/324, 459, 793, 841, 941, 982, 1044, 1062, 1233, 1234, 1235, 1396, 1648, 1916, 1945, 2006, 2022, 2200, 2218, 2222, 2544, 2663, 2685, 2700.

To locate books, theses, articles and other literature on First Nation subjects that are located in provincial libraries the researcher can consult the New Brunswick History: A Checklist of Secondary Sources by Hugh A. Taylor, and three supplements by Eric Swanick.  Under the headings Pre-history and Indians there is information on archaeology, settlements, history, legends, folklore, daily life, culture, customs, manners, pottery, canoes, warfare, localities, place names, medicine and other subjects.  Researchers should also check the indexes to Acadiensis  (MC1577) which also has articles on aboriginal history.