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Acadia Census Returns

Censuses were taken in the French colony of Acadia quite frequently from as early as 1671.  Unfortunately, most of these censuses listed only the French settlers and the only First Nations people who appear in them are those who were married into families of French origin.  The exception is what is commonly called the 1708 census.  This census enumerates all the First Nation people of Acadia, including all those in what is now Nova Scotia, as well as those who lived along the Saint John River.  There are several transcriptions of this census at the Centre d'études acadiennes Anselme-Chiasson.  Also, see The Acadian Ancestral Home.