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As its name implies, the Centre d'études acadiennes Anselme-Chiasson has as its mandate the study of all things Acadian. In collecting material of Acadian interest, however, much has been acquired that relates to other peoples, including the First Nations. All are consequently welcome to come to the Centre to explore its collections to see what they contain that might relate to them or their interests.
Catholic Church Registers
As the Acadians have been throughout their history for the most part Catholics, the Centre d'études acadiennes Anselme-Chiasson has an extensive collection of copies of Catholic Church registers. As the First Nations people in what has become Atlantic Canada embraced the same faith, many of these registers include records concerning them, as well as records concerning the Acadians. The earliest of the registers have been lost, but there survive several from the period prior to the Acadian Deportations of 1755 and 1758, and the Centre has microfilm copies of all of these. (For a complete listing of these records, indicating the dates they cover, the call numbers of the Centre's microfilm copies, and the availability of transcriptions, see White, S. English Supplement to the Dictionnaire généalogique des familles acadiennes, pp. xxxiii-xxxvi.). While these do contain records concerning First Nation individuals, it must be noted that such records are generally so few that it is evident that the great bulk of First Nations records of the period must have been entered into separate registers specifically kept for their missions which unfortunately have not survived.
The Centre d'études acadiennes Anselme-Chiasson also has microfilm copies of the registers of all the parishes in the Catholic dioceses of Bathurst, Edmundston, and Moncton in what is now New Brunswick. These begin as early as 1767. Due to privacy restrictions, a certain period of recent registers is closed to researchers. Consequently, those later than 1920 in the dioceses of Bathurst and Edmundston, and those later than 1925 in the archdiocese of Moncton, are not available at the present time. It must be noted that the Centre has copies of only one register from the diocese of Saint John, that of Bartibog (1801-1826), but it may be of interest to the reader that its collection also includes copies of all of those of the diocese of Yarmouth, N. S. (down to about 1915), of most of those of the diocese of Charlottetown, P. E. I., and of selected parishes in the dioceses of Antigonish and Halifax, N. S. The latter are all nineteenth century records.
Civil Vital Records
The Centre d'études acadiennes Anselme-Chiasson has microfilm copies or transcriptions of the registers of marriages for the following Counties
- Albert (1846-1887),
- Charlotte (1806-1839),
- Gloucester (1832-1860, 1873-1887),
- Kent (1844-1887),
- Northumberland (1806-1837, 1839-1887),
- Restigouche (1838-1878),
- Westmorland (1835-1887), and
- York (1812-1846).
The Centre d'études acadiennes Anselme-Chiasson has several transcriptions of the 1708 Acadian census which includes all the First Nations people of Acadia, including what is now Nova Scotia and along the Saint John River. The Centre has microfilm copies of all the surviving census records of the important Acadian areas in the Maritime Provinces from the enumerations of 1851, 1861, and 1871. It has the complete censuses covering the same area in 1881, 1891, and 1901. It must be noted that fully indexed versions of the censuses of 1901 and 1911 are available online, through the "Automated Genealogy" website.
Wills and Deeds
The Centre d'études acadiennes Anselme-Chiasson has microfilm copies of the deeds of the following Counties:
- Gloucester (1827-1903)
- Kent (1827-1901)
- Madawaska (1850-1901)
- Northumberland (1787-1901)
- Restigouche (1838-1901)
- Victoria (1850-1901) and
- Westmorland (1785-1909) Counties in New Brunswick.
The specialized library of the Centre d'études acadiennes Anselme-Chiasson contains a great many publications concerning First Nations people. The bulk of this material consists of about 150 volumes catalogued under Dewey numbers 970.1 to 970.5.
The following publications may also be helpful:
White, Stephen A., 1999. Dictionnaire généalogique des familles acadiennes, Première partie, 1636 à 1714 (Moncton: Centre d'études acadiennes, Université de Moncton).
(For those who may be proficient in English, but not in French, the following companion volume provides complete translations of the front matter, as well as of all the explanatory and biographical notes contained in the first part of the Dictionnaire généalogique des familles acadiennes.)
White, Stephen A., 2000. English Supplement to the Dictionnaire généalogique des familles acadiennes, Part I, 1636 to 1714 (Moncton: Centre d'études acadiennes, Université de Moncton).
White, Stephen A., 1994. "La généalogie des trente-sept familles hôtesses des 'Retrouvailles 94'," Cahiers de la Société historique acadienne, Vol. XXV, pp. 53-238.
This work includes information regarding the principal Acadian families in southeastern New Brunswick. A corrected version of it may be accessed on the Université de Moncton's website.